Front-Back Cervical Deformity Correction by Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion With Posterior Instrumentation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

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Front-back procedures for cervical deformity permit the correction of cervical kyphosis in the setting of unfused facets. Here, we highlight the operative treatment of a 65-yr-old female entailing a 4-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) at C3-C4, C4-C5, C5-C6, and C6-C7 with hyperlordotic interbody implants, supplemented by a posterior C2-T2 instrumented fusion. The patient initially presented with symptoms of treatment-refractory neck pain while neurologically intact on examination. Her imaging demonstrated significant cervical kyphosis measuring 46° as the Cobb angle between C2 and C7 without neural compression. The patient consented to the procedure and publication of their image. After 2 d of traction, the operation proceeded with the patient initially in a supine position with dissection medial to the sternocleidomastoid muscle down to the vertebral bodies. Discectomies were performed at each level followed by installation of the interbody implants. After closure of this access wound, the patient was turned to a prone position for the posterior element of the operation. The posterior bony elements were exposed and a C2-T2 instrumented fusion performed. Postoperative imaging demonstrated improvement of her sagittal cervical curvature and the patient described improvement in her neck pain.





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Srinivasan, Ethan S, Isaac O Karikari, Theresa Williamson, Christopher I Shaffrey and Khoi D Than (2021). Front-Back Cervical Deformity Correction by Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion With Posterior Instrumentation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.), 21(3). p. E235. 10.1093/ons/opab191 Retrieved from

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Christopher Ignatius Shaffrey

Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery

I have more than 25 years of experience treating patients of all ages with spinal disorders. I have had an interest in the management of spinal disorders since starting my medical education. I performed residencies in both orthopaedic surgery and neurosurgery to gain a comprehensive understanding of the entire range of spinal disorders. My goal has been to find innovative ways to manage the range of spinal conditions, straightforward to complex. I have a focus on managing patients with complex spinal disorders. My patient evaluation and management philosophy is to provide engaged, compassionate care that focuses on providing the simplest and least aggressive treatment option for a particular condition. In many cases, non-operative treatment options exist to improve a patient’s symptoms. I have been actively engaged in clinical research to find the best ways to manage spinal disorders in order to achieve better results with fewer complications.


Khoi Duc Than

Professor of Neurosurgery

I chose to pursue neurosurgery as a career because of my fascination with the human nervous system. In medical school, I developed a keen interest in the diseases that afflict the brain and spine and gravitated towards the only field where I could help treat these diseases with my own hands. I focus on disorders of the spine where my first goal is to help patients avoid surgery if at all possible. If surgery is needed, I treat patients using the most advanced minimally invasive techniques available in order to minimize pain, blood loss, and hospital stay, while maximizing recovery, neurologic function, and quality of life. In my free time, I enjoy spending time with my family and friends. I am an avid sports fan and love to eat. I try to stay physically fit by going to the gym and playing ice hockey.

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