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Editor's choice Regional trade agreements and export competitiveness: the uncertain path of Nicaragua’s apparel exports under CAFTA

dc.contributor.author Frederick, Stacey
dc.contributor.author Bair, Jennifer
dc.contributor.author Gereffi, Gary
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-07T17:07:16Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/12428
dc.description.abstract The Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) has been a mixed blessing for economic development. While exports to the US economy have increased, dependency may hinder economic growth if countries do not diversify or upgrade before temporary provisions expire. This article evaluates the impact of the temporary Tariff Preference Levels (TPLs) granted to Nicaragua under CAFTA and the consequences of TPL expiration. Using trade statistics, country- and firm-level data from Nicaragua’s National Free Zones Commission (CNZF) and data from field research, we estimate Nicaragua’s apparel sector will contract as much as 30–40% after TPLs expire. Our analysis underscores how rules of origin and firm nationality affect where and how companies do business, and in so doing, often constrain sustainable export growth.
dc.relation.ispartof Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society
dc.title Editor's choice Regional trade agreements and export competitiveness: the uncertain path of Nicaragua’s apparel exports under CAFTA
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Gereffi, Gary|0112541
pubs.begin-page 403
pubs.end-page 420
pubs.issue 3
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Global Health Institute
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Sociology
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.volume 8


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