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Do specialty courts achieve better outcomes for children in foster care than general courts?

dc.contributor.author Sloan, Frank A
dc.contributor.author Gifford, Elizabeth J
dc.contributor.author Eldred, Lindsey M
dc.contributor.author Acquah, Kofi F
dc.contributor.author Blevins, Claire E
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-28T22:19:41Z
dc.date.issued 2013-02
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23737613
dc.identifier 0193841X13487536
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/12807
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effects of unified family and drug treatment courts (DTCs) on the resolution of cases involving foster care children and the resulting effects on school performance. METHOD: The first analytic step was to assess the impacts of presence of unified and DTCs in North Carolina counties on time children spent in foster care and the type of placement at exit from foster care. In the second step, the same data on foster care placements were merged with school records for youth in Grades 3-8 in public schools. The effect of children's time in foster care and placement outcomes on school performance as measured by math and reading tests, grade retention, and attendance was assessed using child fixed-effects regression. RESULTS: Children in counties with unified family courts experienced shorter foster care spells and higher rates of reunification with parents or primary caregivers. Shorter foster care spells translated into improved school performance measured by end-of-grade reading and math test scores. Adult DTCs were associated with lower probability of reunification with parents/primary caregivers. CONCLUSION: The shortened time in foster care implies an efficiency gain attributable to unified family courts, which translate into savings for the court system through the use of fewer resources. Children also benefit through shortened stays in temporary placements, which are related to some improved educational outcomes.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher SAGE Publications
dc.relation.ispartof Eval Rev
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1177/0193841X13487536
dc.subject child welfare
dc.subject crime and justice (adult and juvenile)
dc.subject education
dc.subject Adolescent
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject Child
dc.subject Child Custody
dc.subject Child Welfare
dc.subject Child of Impaired Parents
dc.subject Educational Status
dc.subject Efficiency, Organizational
dc.subject Family
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Foster Home Care
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Juvenile Delinquency
dc.subject Longitudinal Studies
dc.subject Male
dc.subject North Carolina
dc.subject Poverty
dc.subject Regression Analysis
dc.subject Substance Abuse Treatment Centers
dc.subject Time Factors
dc.title Do specialty courts achieve better outcomes for children in foster care than general courts?
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Sloan, Frank A|0105018
duke.contributor.id Gifford, Elizabeth J|0334264
duke.contributor.id Eldred, Lindsey M|0379504
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23737613
pubs.begin-page 3
pubs.end-page 34
pubs.issue 1
pubs.organisational-group Center for Child and Family Policy
pubs.organisational-group Center for Population Health & Aging
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Center
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group Economics
pubs.organisational-group Global Health Institute
pubs.organisational-group Institute of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Public Policy Studies
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group School of Nursing
pubs.organisational-group School of Nursing - Secondary Group
pubs.organisational-group Staff
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 37
dc.identifier.eissn 1552-3926
duke.contributor.orcid Gifford, Elizabeth J|0000-0002-1488-0286
duke.contributor.orcid Eldred, Lindsey M|0000-0002-5785-0423


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