Race and Sex Differences in QRS Interval and Associated Outcome Among Patients with Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction.
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BACKGROUND: Prolonged QRS duration is associated with increased mortality among heart failure patients, but race or sex differences in QRS duration and associated effect on outcomes are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated QRS duration and morphology among 2463 black and white patients with heart failure and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% who underwent coronary angiography and 12-lead electrocardiography at Duke University Hospital from 1995 through 2011. We used multivariable Cox regression models to assess the relationship between QRS duration and all-cause mortality and investigate race-QRS and sex-QRS duration interaction. Median QRS duration was 105 ms (interquartile range [IQR], 92-132) with variation by race and sex (P<0.001). QRS duration was longest in white men (111 ms; IQR, 98-139) followed by white women (108 ms; IQR, 92-140), black men (100 ms; IQR, 91-120), and black women (94 ms; IQR, 86-118). Left bundle branch block was more common in women than men (24% vs 14%) and in white (21%) versus black individuals (12%). In black patients, there was a 16% increase in risk of mortality for every 10 ms increase in QRS duration up to 112 ms (hazard ratio, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.07, 1.25) that was not present among white patients (interaction, P=0.06). CONCLUSIONS: Black individuals with heart failure had a shorter QRS duration and more often had non-left bundle branch block morphology than white patients. Women had left bundle branch block more commonly than men. Among black patients, modest QRS prolongation was associated with increased mortality.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1161/JAHA.116.004381
Publication InfoBroderick, S; Chiswell, Karen; Gilliam, FR; Kutyifa, V; Mentz, Robert John; Randolph, TC; ... Velazquez, Eric J (2017). Race and Sex Differences in QRS Interval and Associated Outcome Among Patients with Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction. J Am Heart Assoc, 6(3). 10.1161/JAHA.116.004381. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/15612.
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Ph.D., North Carolina State University - 2007I work closely with clinical and quantitative colleagues to provide statistical leadership, guidance and mentoring on the design, execution, and analysis of clinical research studies. My work includes design and analysis of observational studies (including large cardiovascular registries, and clinical care databases linke
Associate Professor of Medicine
I am a cardiologist with a clinical and research interest in heart failure, including advanced therapies such as cardiac transplantation and mechanical assist devices or “heart pumps." I became a heart failure cardiologist in order to help patients manage their chronic disease over many months and years. I consider myself strongly committed to compassionate patient care with a focus on quality of life and patient preference.My research interests are focused on treating co-morbi
Associate Professor of Medicine
Adjunct Professor in the Department of Medicine
LeadershipEric J. Velazquez, MD, is a Professor of Medicine with tenure at Duke University. As section chief for Cardiovascular Imaging in the Division of Cardiology and director of the Cardiac Diagnostic Unit and Echocardiography Laboratories for Duke University Health System, he coordinates a high-volume enterprise and an outstanding group of clinician-investigators and clinical staff who make important contributions across patient care, research and educational
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