Figures of Arithmetic: Numeracy, Calculation, and Accounting in the Comedia

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2019-03-04

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Abstract

Paying critical attention to reckoning, accounting, and managing gives us the opportunity to examine how numeracy and the logic of calculation operates on and off the stage. The stage exists as a matrix of figures where numbers imbue the dramatic form, mediate the interactions among characters, quantify emotions, and displays in the unlimited capacity to transform social relations into abstract numerical equivalents. Studied Playwrights include Calderón de la Barca, Lope de Vega, and Tirso de Molina

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Scholars@Duke

Vilches

Elvira L Vilches

Associate Professor of Romance Studies

My teaching and research interests include early modern Spanish and Colonial Latin American cultural history and literature. My scholarship explores early Iberian capitalism in a new way. It studies the interface of practitioner knowledge, economic thought and ideologies, and cultural associations. 

Most recent undergrad and graduate courses include Cervantes and Money, The Baroque, Don Quixote for Beginners, Fictitious Truths, Cervantes and the Ethics of Migration, and Global Humanities.  

 I study how economics, science, and culture share a universe in the writing practices of Spanish Renaissance scholars and authors that shaped broader secular registers grappling with the new economic experiences of colonial wealth and global capitalism. I analyze how mercantile technologies, business writing, and various segments of print culture naturalized capitalism by informing the production of economic knowledge as social practice.

This inquiry into economic and intellectual history through the lenses of critical political economy and literary criticism also expands to the understanding the ways in which economic activities are influenced by moral-political norms and sentiments

Recent publications explore shifting value systems in the Iberian Atlantic; money and public trust; the experiences of financial crisis past and present; as well as monetary practices and the spread of numeracy. My book New World Gold: Monetary Disorders and Cultural Anxiety in Early Modern Spain (Chicago University Press, 2010; was the winner  of Choice List of Outstanding Books 2011).

My research has been supported by the The National Endowment for Humanities, the American Council of Learned Societies, The John Carter Brown Library, The Kluge Center, and the Folger Research Institute.





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