Cell type- and species-specific host responses to Toxoplasma gondii and its near relatives.

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2020-05-11

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Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is remarkably unique in its ability to successfully infect vertebrate hosts from multiple phyla and can successfully infect most cells within these organisms. The infection outcome in each of these species is determined by the complex interaction between parasite and host genotype. As techniques to quantify global changes in cell function become more readily available and precise, new data are coming to light about how (i) different host cell types respond to parasitic infection and (ii) different parasite species impact the host. Here we focus on recent studies comparing the response to intracellular parasitism by different cell types and insights into understanding host-parasite interactions from comparative studies on T. gondii and its close extant relatives.

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10.1016/j.ijpara.2020.05.001

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Wong, Zhee S, Sarah L Sokol Borrelli, Carolyn C Coyne and Jon P Boyle (2020). Cell type- and species-specific host responses to Toxoplasma gondii and its near relatives. International journal for parasitology, 50(5). pp. 423–431. 10.1016/j.ijpara.2020.05.001 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/22576.

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Coyne

Carolyn Coyne

George Barth Geller Distinguished Professor of Immunology

We study the pathways by which microorganisms cross cellular barriers and the mechanisms by which these barriers restrict microbial infections. Our studies primarily focus on the epithelium that lines the gastrointestinal tract and on placental trophoblasts, the cells that comprise a key cellular barrier of the human placenta. Our work is highly multidisciplinary and encompasses aspects of cell biology, immunology, and microbiology. Our long-term goals are to identify pathogen- and host-specific therapeutic targets to prevent or treat microbial infections and ultimately to alleviate the morbidity and mortality caused by these infections.


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