Development and Evaluation of a Novel Mouse Model of Asphyxial Cardiac Arrest Revealed Severely Impaired Lymphopoiesis After Resuscitation.


Background Animal disease models represent the cornerstone in basic cardiac arrest (CA) research. However, current experimental models of CA and resuscitation in mice are limited. In this study, we aimed to develop a mouse model of asphyxial CA followed by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and to characterize the immune response after asphyxial CA/CPR. Methods and Results CA was induced in mice by switching from an O2/N2 mixture to 100% N2 gas for mechanical ventilation under anesthesia. Real-time measurements of blood pressure, brain tissue oxygen, cerebral blood flow, and ECG confirmed asphyxia and ensuing CA. After a defined CA period, mice were resuscitated with intravenous epinephrine administration and chest compression. We subjected young adult and aged mice to this model, and found that after CA/CPR, mice from both groups exhibited significant neurologic deficits compared with sham mice. Analysis of post-CA brain confirmed neuroinflammation. Detailed characterization of the post-CA immune response in the peripheral organs of both young adult and aged mice revealed that at the subacute phase following asphyxial CA/CPR, the immune system was markedly suppressed as manifested by drastic atrophy of the spleen and thymus, and profound lymphopenia. Finally, our data showed that post-CA systemic lymphopenia was accompanied with impaired T and B lymphopoiesis in the thymus and bone marrow, respectively. Conclusions In this study, we established a novel validated asphyxial CA model in mice. Using this new model, we further demonstrated that asphyxial CA/CPR markedly affects both the nervous and immune systems, and notably impairs lymphopoiesis of T and B cells.





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Publication Info

Wang, Wei, Ran Li, Wanying Miao, Cody Evans, Liping Lu, Jingjun Lyu, Xuan Li, David S Warner, et al. (2021). Development and Evaluation of a Novel Mouse Model of Asphyxial Cardiac Arrest Revealed Severely Impaired Lymphopoiesis After Resuscitation. J Am Heart Assoc. p. e019142. 10.1161/JAHA.120.019142 Retrieved from

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Xiaoping Zhong

Professor of Pediatrics

The immune system protects the host from microbial infection but can cause diseases if not properly controlled. My lab is interested in the receptor signaling mediated regulation of immune cell development and function as well as the pathogenesis and treatment of autoimmune diseases and allergies.

We are currently investigating the roles diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) and TSC1/2-mTOR play in the immune system. DGKs are a family of ten enzymes that catalyze the conversion of diacylglycerol (DAG) to phosphatidic acid (PA), Both DAG and PA are important second messengers involved signaling from numerous receptors. While we expect DGKs to perform important roles in development and cellular function by modulating DAG and PA levels, the physiologic functions of DGKs have been poorly understood. Using cell line models and genetically manipulated mice, we have demonstrated that DGKα and ζ isoforms play critical roles in: T cell development, activation, and anergy by regulating T cell receptor signaling; FcεRI signaling and mast cell function; and Toll-like receptor signaling and innate immune responses.

Research areas that we are actively pursuing include:
1. The mechanisms that control T cell maturation, activation
and self-tolerance.
2. NKT cell development and function.
3. Thymic epithelial cells and thymic development, function, and involution.
4. Regulation of Toll-like receptor signaling and innate immunity. 
5. The pathogenesis and treatment of autoimmune hepatitis. 
6. Mast cell development and function.
7. The pathogenesis and immunotherapy for peanut allergy.


Huaxin Sheng

Associate Professor in Anesthesiology

We have successfully developed various rodent models of brain and spinal cord injuries in our lab, such as focal cerebral ischemia, global cerebral ischemia, head trauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, spinal cord ischemia and compression injury. We also established cardiac arrest and hemorrhagic shock models for studying multiple organ dysfunction.  Our current studies focus on two projects. One is to examine the efficacy of catalytic antioxidant in treating cerebral ischemia and the other is to examine the efficacy of post-conditioning on outcome of subarachnoid hemorrhage induced cognitive dysfunction.


Wei Yang

Professor in Anesthesiology

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