Repeated autologous umbilical cord blood infusions are feasible and had no acute safety issues in young babies with congenital hydrocephalus.

Abstract

Background

Babies with congenital hydrocephalus often experience developmental disabilities due to brain injury associated with prolonged increased pressure on the developing brain parenchyma. Umbilical cord blood (CB) infusion has favorable effects in animal models of brain hypoxia and stroke and is being investigated in clinical trials of brain injury in both children and adults. We sought to establish the safety and feasibility of repeated intravenous infusions of autologous CB in young babies with congenital hydrocephalus.

Methods

Infants with severe congenital hydrocephalus and an available qualified autologous CB unit traveled to Duke for evaluation and CB infusion. When possible, the CB unit was utilized for multiple infusions. Patient and CB data were obtained at the time of infusion and analyzed retrospectively.

Results

From October 2006 to August 2014, 76 patients with congenital hydrocephalus received 143 autologous CB infusions. Most babies received repeated doses, for a total of two (n = 45), three (n = 18), or four (n = 4) infusions. There were no infusion-related adverse events. As expected, all babies experienced developmental delays.

Conclusion

Cryopreserved CB products may be effectively manipulated to provide multiple CB doses. Repeated intravenous infusion of autologous CB is safe and feasible in young babies with congenital hydrocephalus.

Department

Description

Provenance

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1038/pr.2015.161

Publication Info

Sun, Jessica M, Gerald A Grant, Colleen McLaughlin, June Allison, Anne Fitzgerald, Barbara Waters-Pick and Joanne Kurtzberg (2015). Repeated autologous umbilical cord blood infusions are feasible and had no acute safety issues in young babies with congenital hydrocephalus. Pediatric research, 78(6). pp. 712–716. 10.1038/pr.2015.161 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/24644.

This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.

Scholars@Duke

Jessica Muller Sun

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Grant

Gerald Arthur Grant

Allan H. Friedman Distinguished Professor of Neurosurgery

Colleen A McLaughlin

Clinical Associate in the School of Nursing
Kurtzberg

Joanne Kurtzberg

Jerome S. Harris Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics

Dr. Kurtzberg is an internationally renowned expert in pediatric hematology/oncology, pediatric blood and marrow transplantation, umbilical cord blood banking and transplantation, and novel applications of cord blood and birthing tissues in the emerging fields of cellular therapies and regenerative medicine.   Dr. Kurtzberg serves as the Director of the Marcus Center for Cellular Cures (MC3), Director of the Pediatric Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program, Director of the Carolinas Cord Blood Bank, and Co-Director of the Stem Cell Transplant Laboratory at Duke University.  The Carolinas Cord Blood Bank is an FDA licensed public cord blood bank distributing unrelated cord blood units for donors for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) through the CW Bill Young Cell Transplantation Program.  The Robertson GMP Cell Manufacturing Laboratory supports manufacturing of RETHYMIC (BLA, Enzyvant, 2021), allogeneic cord tissue derived and bone marrow derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), and DUOC, a microglial/macrophage cell derived from cord blood.

Dr. Kurtzberg’s research in MC3 focuses on translational studies from bench to bedside, seeking to develop transformative clinical therapies using cells, tissues, molecules, genes, and biomaterials to treat diseases and injuries that currently lack effective treatments. Recent areas of investigation in MC3 include clinical trials investigating the safety and efficacy of autologous and allogeneic cord blood in children with neonatal brain injury – hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), cerebral palsy (CP), and autism. Clinical trials testing allogeneic cord blood are also being conducted in adults with acute ischemic stroke. Clinical trials optimizing manufacturing and testing the safety and efficacy of cord tissue MSCs in children with autism, CP and HIE and adults with COVID-lung disease are underway. DUOC, given intrathecally, is under study in children with leukodystrophies and adults with primary progressive multiple sclerosis.

In the past, Dr. Kurtzberg has developed novel chemotherapeutic drugs for acute leukemias, assays enumerating ALDH bright cells to predict cord blood unit potency, methods of cord blood expansion, potency assays for targeted cell and tissue based therapies. Dr. Kurtzberg currently holds several INDs for investigational clinical trials from the FDA.  She has also trained numerous medical students, residents, clinical and post-doctoral fellows over the course of her career.


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