Nonlocal stochastic-partial-differential-equation limits of spatially correlated noise-driven spin systems derived to sample a canonical distribution

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© 2020 American Physical Society. For a noisy spin system, we derive a nonlocal stochastic version of the overdamped Landau-Lipshitz equation designed to respect the underlying Hamiltonian structure and sample the canonical or Gibbs distribution while being driven by spatially correlated (colored) noise that regularizes the dynamics, making this Stochastic partial differential equation mathematically well-posed. We begin from a microscopic discrete-time model motivated by the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm for a finite number of spins with periodic boundary conditions whose values are distributed on the unit sphere. We thus propose a future state of the system by adding to each spin colored noise projected onto the sphere, and then accept this proposed state with probability given by the ratio of the canonical distribution at the proposed and current states. For uncorrelated (white) noise this process is guaranteed to sample the canonical distribution. We demonstrate that for colored noise, the method used to project the noise onto the sphere and conserve the magnitude of the spins impacts the equilibrium distribution of the system, as coloring projected noise is not equivalent to projecting colored noise. In a specific scenario we show this break in symmetry vanishes with vanishing proposal size; the resulting continuous-time system of Stochastic differential equations samples the canonical distribution and preserves the magnitude of the spins while being driven by colored noise. Taking the continuum limit of infinitely many spins we arrive at the aforementioned version of the overdamped Landau-Lipshitz equation. Numerical simulations are included to verify convergence properties and demonstrate the dynamics.






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Gao, Y, JL Marzuola, JC Mattingly and KA Newhall (2020). Nonlocal stochastic-partial-differential-equation limits of spatially correlated noise-driven spin systems derived to sample a canonical distribution. Physical Review E, 102(5). 10.1103/PhysRevE.102.052112 Retrieved from

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Jonathan Christopher Mattingly

Kimberly J. Jenkins Distinguished University Professor of New Technologies

Jonathan Christopher  Mattingly grew up in Charlotte, NC where he attended Irwin Ave elementary and Charlotte Country Day.  He graduated from the NC School of Science and Mathematics and received a BS is Applied Mathematics with a concentration in physics from Yale University. After two years abroad with a year spent at ENS Lyon studying nonlinear and statistical physics on a Rotary Fellowship, he returned to the US to attend Princeton University where he obtained a PhD in Applied and Computational Mathematics in 1998. After 4 years as a Szego assistant professor at Stanford University and a year as a member of the IAS in Princeton, he moved to Duke in 2003. He is currently a Professor of Mathematics and of Statistical Science.

His expertise is in the longtime behavior of stochastic system including randomly forced fluid dynamics, turbulence, stochastic algorithms used in molecular dynamics and Bayesian sampling, and stochasticity in biochemical networks.

Since 2013 he has also been working to understand and quantify gerrymandering and its interaction of a region's geopolitical landscape. This has lead him to testify in a number of court cases including in North Carolina, which led to the NC congressional and both NC legislative maps being deemed unconstitutional and replaced for the 2020 elections. 

He is the recipient of a Sloan Fellowship and a PECASE CAREER award.  He is also a fellow of the IMS and the AMS. He was awarded the Defender of Freedom award by  Common Cause for his work on Quantifying Gerrymandering.

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