Variant R94C in TNNT2-Encoded Troponin T Predisposes to Pediatric Restrictive Cardiomyopathy and Sudden Death Through Impaired Thin Filament Relaxation Resulting in Myocardial Diastolic Dysfunction.


Background Pediatric-onset restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is associated with high mortality, but underlying mechanisms of disease are under investigated. RCM-associated diastolic dysfunction secondary to variants in TNNT2-encoded cardiac troponin T (TNNT2) is poorly described. Methods and Results Genetic analysis of a proband and kindred with RCM identified TNNT2-R94C, which cosegregated in a family with 2 generations of RCM, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden death. TNNT2-R94C was absent among large, population-based cohorts Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD) and predicted to be pathologic by in silico modeling. Biophysical experiments using recombinant human TNNT2-R94C demonstrated impaired cardiac regulation at the molecular level attributed to reduced calcium-dependent blocking of myosin's interaction with the thin filament. Computational modeling predicted a shift in the force-calcium curve for the R94C mutant toward submaximal calcium activation compared within the wild type, suggesting low levels of muscle activation even at resting calcium concentrations and hypercontractility following activation by calcium. Conclusions The pathogenic TNNT2-R94C variant activates thin-filament-mediated sarcomeric contraction at submaximal calcium concentrations, likely resulting in increased muscle tension during diastole and hypercontractility during systole. This describes the proximal biophysical mechanism for development of RCM in this family.





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Publication Info

Ezekian, Jordan E, Sarah R Clippinger, Jaquelin M Garcia, Qixin Yang, Susan Denfield, Aamir Jeewa, William J Dreyer, Wenxin Zou, et al. (2020). Variant R94C in TNNT2-Encoded Troponin T Predisposes to Pediatric Restrictive Cardiomyopathy and Sudden Death Through Impaired Thin Filament Relaxation Resulting in Myocardial Diastolic Dysfunction. Journal of the American Heart Association, 9(5). p. e015111. 10.1161/jaha.119.015111 Retrieved from

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Andrew Paul Landstrom

Associate Professor of Pediatrics

Dr. Landstrom is a physician scientist who specializes in the care of children and young adults with arrhythmias, heritable cardiovascular diseases, and sudden unexplained death syndromes. As a clinician, he is trained in pediatric cardiology with a focus on arrhythmias and genetic diseases of the heart.  He specializes in caring for patients with heritable arrhythmia (channelopathies) such as long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, and short QT syndrome.  He also specializes in the evaluation of children following a cardiac arrest or after the sudden and unexplained death of a family member.  He has expertise in cardiovascular genetics and uses it to identify individuals in a family who may be at risk of a disease, even if all clinical testing is negative.  As a scientist, he is trained in genetics and cell biology.  He runs a research lab exploring the genetic and molecular causes of arrhythmias, sudden unexplained death syndromes, and heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathies).  He utilizes patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells and genetic mouse models to identify the mechanisms of cardiovascular genetic disease with the goal of developing novel therapies.

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