The role of chemotherapy in the treatment of central neurocytoma.

Abstract

Aim: Central neurocytoma (CN) is a rare WHO grade II central nervous system (CNS) tumor. This is an update on chemotherapeutic agents used in its treatment. Patients & methods: An institutional review board-approved, chart review of patients seen at our institution resulted in a single case treated with chemotherapy and is herein included. We proceeded with a comprehensive literature review. Results: We identified 18 citations, representing 39 cases of adult and pediatric CN treated with chemotherapy. With the addition of our single case, the total number of recurrent CN patients treated with temozolomide (TMZ) is nine. Conclusion: There exists marked heterogeneity in chemotherapy used to treat CN. TMZ is incorporated into treatment regimens in the setting of tumor recurrence: its role merits further study.

Department

Description

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Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.2217/cns-2019-0012

Publication Info

Johnson, Margaret O, John P Kirkpatrick, Mallika P Patel, Annick Desjardins, Dina M Randazzo, Henry S Friedman, David M Ashley, Katherine B Peters, et al. (2019). The role of chemotherapy in the treatment of central neurocytoma. CNS oncology, 8(3). p. CNS41. 10.2217/cns-2019-0012 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/21349.

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Scholars@Duke

Johnson

Margaret Johnson

Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery

I am a neuro-oncologist, neurologist, and palliative care physician at the Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center. I also provide neuro-oncology expertise for the National Tele-Oncology Program and National Precision Oncology Program at the Veteran's Health Administration. My clinical and research interests encompass supportive care and palliative care with a special interest in older adults with brain tumors. The incidence of malignant brain tumors like glioblastoma and non-malignant tumors like meningioma affect aging populations and it is crucial to be able to provide better care for these patients. 

Kirkpatrick

John P. Kirkpatrick

Professor of Radiation Oncology

Malignant and benign tumors of the brain, spine and base of skull. Mathematical modelling of tumor metabolism, mass transfer and the response to ionizing radiation. Enhancing clinical outcome in stereotactic radiosurgery, fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy and stereotactic body radiotherapy.

Desjardins

Annick Desjardins

Professor of Neurosurgery
Ashley

David Michael Ashley

Rory David Deutsch Distinguished Professor of Neuro-Oncology

My career in cancer research dates more than two decades. I am credentialed in both pediatric and adult neuro-oncology practice and this has been the focus of my efforts in translational research and leadership. As evident from my publication and grant support record, my primary academic focus has been on neurologic tumors, the development of innovative therapies and approaches to care. These efforts have included basic and translational laboratory research. My experience includes moving laboratory findings in brain tumor immunology and epigenetics into early phase clinical trials. I have expertise in immuno-oncology, having developed and clinically tested dendritic cell vaccines and other immuno-therapeutics. My achievements in research have led to change in practice in the care of children and adults with brain tumors, including the introduction of new standards of practice for the delivery of systemic therapy. I am highly regarded for this work, as evidenced by numerous invitations to plenary sessions and symposia of international standing. I have been the principal investigator of a number of important national and international studies, both clinical and pre-clinical. I am recognized as a senior figure and opinion leader in neuro-oncology nationally and internationally. I have held several significant leadership roles, including Director of two major cancer centers, I served as the Chair of Medicine at Deakin University, the Program Director of Cancer Services at University Hospital Barwon Health, and Executive Director of the Western Alliance Academic Health Science Centre (Australia). I began my current position as Director of The Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center, Head, Preuss Laboratory, in March 2018. In this role, I am responsible for the clinical care, research, and educational program related to Brain Tumor Center. I am also a senior investigational neuro-oncologist within the adult brain tumor program at Duke.

Peters

Katherine Barnett Peters

Professor of Neurosurgery

Dr. Katy Peters, MD Ph.D. FAAN is an associate professor of neurology and neurosurgery at the Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center (PRTBTC) at Duke.   Her academic medical career started at Stanford University School of Medicine, receiving an MD and Ph.D. in Cancer Biology.  After completing a neurology residency at Johns Hopkins University and a fellowship in cognitive neurosciences, Katy joined the PRTBTC as a neuro-oncology fellow.  In 2009, she became a faculty member at PRTBTC.  With a fantastic team of nursing and advanced practice providers, she actively sees and cares for patients with primary brain tumors.  Her research interests include supportive care for brain cancer patients, cognitive dysfunction in cancer patients, and physical function and activity of brain cancer patients.   While she runs clinical trials to treat primary brain tumors, her key interest is on clinical trials that focus on improving brain tumor patients' quality of life and cognition.   In 2019, the PRTBTC designated her as the Director of Supportive Care, thus furthering the PRTBTC and her committee to better the quality of life for brain tumor patients.   She is active in teaching medical school students, residents, fellows, and advanced practice providers and is the Program Director of the PRTBRC neuro-oncology fellowship.     She is board certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology and the United Council of Neurologic Subspecialties for neuro-oncology.


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