In vivo visualization of abdominal malignancies with acoustic radiation force elastography.

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The utility of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging for real-time visualization of abdominal malignancies was investigated. Nine patients presenting with suspicious masses in the liver (n = 7) or kidney (n = 2) underwent combined sonography/ARFI imaging. Images were acquired of a total of 12 tumors in the nine patients. In all cases, boundary definition in ARFI images was improved or equivalent to boundary definition in B-mode images. Displacement contrast in ARFI images was superior to echo contrast in B-mode images for each tumor. The mean contrast for suspected hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in B-mode images was 2.9 dB (range: 1.5-4.2) versus 7.5 dB (range: 3.1-11.9) in ARFI images, with all HCCs appearing more compliant than regional cirrhotic liver parenchyma. The mean contrast for metastases in B-mode images was 3.1 dB (range: 1.2-5.2) versus 9.3 dB (range: 5.7-13.9) in ARFI images, with all masses appearing less compliant than regional non-cirrhotic liver parenchyma. ARFI image contrast (10.4 dB) was superior to B-mode contrast (0.9 dB) for a renal mass. To our knowledge, we present the first in vivo images of abdominal malignancies in humans acquired with the ARFI method or any other technique of imaging tissue elasticity.





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Fahey, BJ, RC Nelson, DP Bradway, SJ Hsu, DM Dumont and GE Trahey (2008). In vivo visualization of abdominal malignancies with acoustic radiation force elastography. Phys Med Biol, 53(1). pp. 279–293. 10.1088/0031-9155/53/1/020 Retrieved from

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Rendon C. Nelson

Consulting Associate in the Department of Radiology

Diagnostic Imaging of the Liver; Specifically the Detection and Characterization of Focal and Diffuse Processes by US, CT and MRI.
Percutaneous Image-Guided Thermal Ablation of Hepatic and Renal Tumors


David Bradway

Research Scientist, Senior

David P. Bradway is a research scientist in the Biomedical Engineering Department at Duke University. He earned his Ph.D. in biomedical engineering in 2013 from Duke. Afterward, he was a guest postdoc at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU), supported by a Whitaker International Program Scholarship. He has conducted research internships at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Volcano Corporation, and Siemens Healthcare, working on ultrasound research since 2002.


Gregg E. Trahey

Robert Plonsey Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering

My laboratory develops and evaluates novel ultrasonic imaging methods. Current projects involve high resolutioon imaging of the breast and mechanical characterization of the breast and cardiovascular system. We conduct phantom, animal, ex vivo and in vivo trials. Current clinical trials involve imaging of soft and hard vascular plaques and mecahnical imaging of breast lesions.

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