Skewing of the population balance of lymphoid and myeloid cells by secreted and intracellular osteopontin.

Abstract

The balance of myeloid populations and lymphoid populations must be well controlled. Here we found that osteopontin (OPN) skewed this balance during pathogenic conditions such as infection and autoimmunity. Notably, two isoforms of OPN exerted distinct effects in shifting this balance through cell-type-specific regulation of apoptosis. Intracellular OPN (iOPN) diminished the population size of myeloid progenitor cells and myeloid cells, and secreted OPN (sOPN) increase the population size of lymphoid cells. The total effect of OPN on skewing the leukocyte population balance was observed as host sensitivity to early systemic infection with Candida albicans and T cell-mediated colitis. Our study suggests previously unknown detrimental roles for two OPN isoforms in causing the imbalance of leukocyte populations.

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Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1038/ni.3791

Publication Info

Kanayama, Masashi, Shengjie Xu, Keiko Danzaki, Jason R Gibson, Makoto Inoue, Simon G Gregory and Mari L Shinohara (2017). Skewing of the population balance of lymphoid and myeloid cells by secreted and intracellular osteopontin. Nature immunology, 18(9). pp. 973–984. 10.1038/ni.3791 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/17648.

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Scholars@Duke

Gregory

Simon Gray Gregory

Margaret Harris and David Silverman Distinguished Professor

Dr. Gregory is a tenured Professor and Director of the Brain Tumor Omics Program (BTOP) in the Duke Department of Neurosurgery, the Vice Chair of Research in the Department of Neurology, and Director of the Molecular Genomics Core at the Duke Molecular Physiology Institute. 

As a neurogenomicist, Dr. Gregory applies the experience gained from leading the sequencing of chromosome 1 for the Human Genome Project to elucidating the mechanisms underlying multi-factorial diseases using genetic, genomic, and epigenetic approaches. Dr. Gregory’s primary areas of research involve understanding the molecular processes associated with disease development and progression in brain tumors and Alzheimer’s disease, novel drug induced white matter injury repair in multiple sclerosis, and social and behavioral response to oxytocin treatment animal models of autism. 

He is broadly regarded across Duke as a leader in the development of novel single cell and spatial molecular technologies towards understanding the pathogenic mechanisms of disease development. Dr. Gregory is also the Section Chair of Genomics and Epigenetics at the DMPI and Director of the Duke Center of Autoimmunity and MS in the Department of Neurology.

Shinohara

Mari L. Shinohara

Professor of Integrative Immunobiology

Shinohara Lab Website

Immune responses against pathogens are essential for host protection, but excessive and uncontrolled immune reactions can lead to autoimmunity. How does our immune system keep the balance fine-tuned? This is a central question being asked in my laboratory.

The immune system needs to detect pathogens quickly and effectively. This is performed by the innate immune system, which includes cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs). Pathogens are recognized by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) and may be cleared in the innate immune system. However, when pathogens cannot be eliminated by innate immunity, the adaptive immune system participates by exploiting the ability of T cells and B cells. The two immune systems work together not only to clear pathogens effectively but also to avoid collateral damages by our own immune responses. 

In my lab, we use mouse models for infectious and autoimmune diseases to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms of; pathogen recognition by PRRs in macrophages and DCs, initiation of inflammatory responses in the innate immune system, and the impact of innate immune inflammation on the development and regulation of T cell-mediated adaptive immune responses. 

Several projects are ongoing in the lab. They are to study (1) the roles of PRR in EAE (an animal model of multiple sclerosis), (2) the interplay between immune cells and CNS (central nervous system)-resident cells during EAE and fungal infection, (3) protective and pathogenic mechanisms of immune cells in the lung during fungal infection and inflammation, and (4) the roles of a protein termed osteopontin (OPN), as both secreted (sOPN) and intracellular (iOPN) isoforms, in regulation of immune responses . Although we are very active in EAE to study autoimmunity, other mouse models, such as graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) is ongoing. Cell types we study are mainly DCs, macrophagesneutrophils, and T cells


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