Carbon Monoxide and Exercise Prevents Diet-Induced Obesity and Metabolic Dysregulation Without Affecting Bone.

Abstract

Objective

Carbon monoxide (CO) may counteract obesity and metabolic dysfunction in rodents consuming high-fat diets, but the skeletal effects are not understood. This study investigated whether low-dose inhaled CO (250 ppm) with or without moderate intensity aerobic exercise (3 h/wk) would limit diet-induced obesity and metabolic dysregulation and preserve bone health.

Methods

Obesity-resistant (OR) rats served as controls, and obesity-prone (OP) rats were randomized to sedentary, sedentary plus CO, exercise, or CO plus exercise. For 10 weeks, OP rats consumed a high-fat, high-sucrose diet, whereas OR rats consumed a low-fat control diet. Measurements included indicators of obesity and metabolism, bone turnover markers, femoral geometry and microarchitecture, bone mechanical properties, and tibial morphometry.

Results

A high-fat, high-sucrose diet led to obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and hyperleptinemia, without impacting bone. CO alone led only to a modest reduction in weight gain. Exercise attenuated weight gain and improved the metabolic profile; however, bone fragility increased. Combined CO and exercise led to body mass reduction and a metabolic state similar to control OR rats and prevented the exercise-induced increase in bone fragility.

Conclusions

CO and aerobic exercise training prevent obesity and metabolic sequelae of nutrient excess while stabilizing bone physiology.

Department

Description

Provenance

Citation

Published Version (Please cite this version)

10.1002/oby.22768

Publication Info

Gasier, Heath G, Tianzheng Yu, Joshua M Swift, Corrine E Metzger, Erin M McNerny, Elizabeth A Swallow, Claude A Piantadosi, Matthew R Allen, et al. (2020). Carbon Monoxide and Exercise Prevents Diet-Induced Obesity and Metabolic Dysregulation Without Affecting Bone. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 28(5). pp. 924–931. 10.1002/oby.22768 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/24092.

This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.


Unless otherwise indicated, scholarly articles published by Duke faculty members are made available here with a CC-BY-NC (Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial) license, as enabled by the Duke Open Access Policy. If you wish to use the materials in ways not already permitted under CC-BY-NC, please consult the copyright owner. Other materials are made available here through the author’s grant of a non-exclusive license to make their work openly accessible.