Race and Sex Differences in QRS Interval and Associated Outcome Among Patients with Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction.


BACKGROUND: Prolonged QRS duration is associated with increased mortality among heart failure patients, but race or sex differences in QRS duration and associated effect on outcomes are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated QRS duration and morphology among 2463 black and white patients with heart failure and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% who underwent coronary angiography and 12-lead electrocardiography at Duke University Hospital from 1995 through 2011. We used multivariable Cox regression models to assess the relationship between QRS duration and all-cause mortality and investigate race-QRS and sex-QRS duration interaction. Median QRS duration was 105 ms (interquartile range [IQR], 92-132) with variation by race and sex (P<0.001). QRS duration was longest in white men (111 ms; IQR, 98-139) followed by white women (108 ms; IQR, 92-140), black men (100 ms; IQR, 91-120), and black women (94 ms; IQR, 86-118). Left bundle branch block was more common in women than men (24% vs 14%) and in white (21%) versus black individuals (12%). In black patients, there was a 16% increase in risk of mortality for every 10 ms increase in QRS duration up to 112 ms (hazard ratio, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.07, 1.25) that was not present among white patients (interaction, P=0.06). CONCLUSIONS: Black individuals with heart failure had a shorter QRS duration and more often had non-left bundle branch block morphology than white patients. Women had left bundle branch block more commonly than men. Among black patients, modest QRS prolongation was associated with increased mortality.





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Randolph, Tiffany C, Samuel Broderick, Linda K Shaw, Karen Chiswell, Robert J Mentz, Valentina Kutyifa, Eric J Velazquez, Francis R Gilliam, et al. (2017). Race and Sex Differences in QRS Interval and Associated Outcome Among Patients with Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction. J Am Heart Assoc, 6(3). 10.1161/JAHA.116.004381 Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/15612.

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